Russia, also the Russian Federation, is a transcontinental country extending over much of northern Eurasia (Europe and Asia). With an area of 17,075,400 square kilometres, Russia is the largest country in the world, covering almost twice the total area of the next-largest country, Canada. It is also home to the world’s ninth-largest population of an estimated 142 million people.

Russia established worldwide power and influence from the times of the Russian Empire to being the largest constituent of the Soviet Union, the world’s first and largest Communist state, both of whom stretched their domains across most of Central Asia and Eastern Europe. The Russian Federation was founded following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, but is recognized as the continuing legal personality of the Soviet Union. 

One of the riches of Russia – is water resources. There are more than 120 hundred rivers and two million lakes. We will emphasize only the biggest and the most impressive: the Amur, the Lena, the Yenisei, the Irtysh, the Ob, the Kama and of course the great Volga river. The lakes are – the Caspian sea, the Baikal, the Ladoga and the Onega.